Lupus is largely a mysterious disorder. The causes are not particularly clear, nor are the treatments definite. Thus, there is an increasing need to understand the disease better. Additionally, one needs to pay attention to different reactions on their body, while dealing with the condition. This will only aid in research, and help reduce the pain induced by the condition.
When we say Lupus, we usually refer to a type of it, “systemic lupus erythematosus.” There are, however, mainly four types of this disease. Additionally, another type added to the list is- ‘childhood lupus’
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE):
The reason behind the name ‘SLE’ is, it mainly affects different organ systems of our body. These include the nervous system, blood vessels system e.t.c.
It is the most common form, as well as the most threatening form than other types.
SLE seriously affects many body parts such as the heart, kidney, liver, skin, among others. The main symptom of this type is inflammation of kidneys, nervous system, and blood vessels of the brain.
Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE):
This type is limited to only skin and is called ‘CLE.’ However,
There are fair chances that 10% of people with this type will eventually develop SLE type.
Symptoms include rashes of different types, such as butterfly rash, discoid rash (most common). It has three types:
-Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE).
-Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus.
Rashes type, pattern, and place of appearance differ from case to case. It may be on the face, neck, or in the mouth. Few other symptoms include a change in colour or pigment of skin and hair loss.
Drug Induced Lupus Erythematosus (DILE):
Although medication is beneficial, sometimes it causes side effects. Certain drug side effects look similar to SLE symptoms but hardly affect major body parts. These are classified as DILE.
This form is not permanent and once the medication is stopped, it subsides.
Few drugs that can cause DILE are:
– hydralazine: The drug used in the treatment of high blood pressure
– procainamide: The drug used in the treatment of irregular heart rhythms
– Isoniazid: The drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis
However, not everyone who takes these drugs will develop DILE.
Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus (NLE):
If a pregnant lady has lupus or her immune system produces certain types of autoantibodies such as anti-Ro, anti-La, and anti-RNP, her child might be at risk. Consequently, the baby may be born with some rashes, liver problem, or low blood cell count, which is similar to symptoms of the actual disease. This type is thus classified as NLE. However, this is not fatal and symptoms completely disappear over time.
1.5 million people in the U.S. have SLE, approximately 20 percent are children or adolescents.
Although in most cases children live a happy and healthy life, in 1-2% cases they develop serious heart block. It can also be treated with medical advancements, such as a pacemaker.
Every different type has different treatment plans, such as to diagnose CLE, a skin biopsy is needed. It is therefore important to know what exactly troubles you. Further, it is important to know what causes you this pain, and ultimately, it is important to know your disease, so you can get better treatment.
Edited by Preetika Dubey