What is Cerebral Palsy?

The human brain is unarguably one of the most important organs of the body. If your body is a computer, then your brain is its mainframe. It controls everything you do or think, whether you are aware of it or not. Thus, an anomaly in the brain will most likely affect the entire body. Cerebral Palsy is one such neurological disorder. In this condition, the bodily function is impaired and the individual faces difficulties in conducting even the routine activities.

Cerebral Palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood.

Cerebral Palsy affects each person differently depending upon the type of severity of the disorder, some may have to make more adjustments than others.

Cerebral Palsy
Source: Cerebral Palsy Guide


What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral refers to the disorder affecting the brain, and palsy refers to a weakness or muscle problem. Cerebral Palsy is a group of permanent disorder that affects balance movement, muscle tone and posture. It can also impact gross motor skills, fine motor skills and oral motor for functioning.

It can range from weakness in one hand, to an almost complete lack of voluntary movement. People with significant physical disability may require 24 hours a day care.

CP starts in the area of the brain that controls the ability to move muscles. Cerebral Palsy can occur when that part of the brain doesn’t develop as it should, or when the damage happens right around the time of birth or very early in life.


– Developmental: failure to thrive, learning disability, low birth weight, slow growth, or speech delay in a child.
– Foot: constantly walking on tip toe or difficulty raising the foot.
– Speech: speech disorder or stuttering.
– Also Common: difficulty swallowing, drooling, epilepsy, leaking of urine, limping, paralysis, physical deformity, seizures, spastic gait, stiffness, or tremor.


Cerebral Palsy
Source: Daily Mirror


Cerebral Palsy is caused due to neurological damage of the developing brain.

Cerebral palsy is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born. Often, the exact trigger isn’t known. Current research suggests, the majority of Cerebral Palsy cases result from a brain injury or brain abnormality that occurs while the brain is developing prior to birth or during labour and delivery.

Cerebral Palsy
Source: Malman Law

As a result, the brain damage during growth can affect a child’s muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture, and balance. Other sick factors include- accidents, abuse, medical malpractice, negligence, infections, and injury.


The brain injury is the result of a one-time brain damage and will not produce further degeneration of the brain.

CP is a non-degenerative condition that affects about three children per 1000 births.

Currently, there is no cure but the researchers are still finding a way out to cure this brain damage. However, staying optimistic about your own self is the best thing. It may be a permanent condition, but treatments in the form of therapy, surgery, and medical help in managing the disorder.

Cerebral Palsy
Source: Firefly Community

Being sensitive and having the basic knowledge can go a long way in making things easier for someone with the condition, for instance, cerebral palsy makes it difficult for a patient to open and close their mouth, so a caregiver needs to ensure that the food the individual takes, is easy to swallow. Constant care, therapy and sensitivity can help reduce the disability that Cerebral Palsy as an impairment, causes.

Cerebral Palsy
Source: Firefly Community

Edited by: Preetika Dubey

Namrata Lamba

Content Writer

19, Optimistic, Happy-go-lucky. Having a sweet tooth. B.com Mgmt Hons student at IEHE.

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